27/01/2019

Maestros #81: Erich Kleiber (1890-1956)


Na discografia, não muito longa, do maestro austríaco Erich Kleiber, há um compositor que rapidamente sobressai pelo número de (extraordinárias) gravações a que teve direito: Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827). E assim, 13 anos após a primeira aparição neste canto e no dia em que se assinalam os 63 anos do seu falecimento, voltamos a este maestro, pai do igualmente reputado maestro Carlos Kleiber (1930-2004).


CDs



Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphonies - No.3 in E flat, 'Eroica', Op.55; No.5 in C minor, Op.67.
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Erich Kleiber
Decca Legends 467 125-2
(1953)

Great Conductors of the 20th Century: Erich Kleiber
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No.6 in F, 'Pastoral', Op.68.
Antonín Dvorák
Carnival Overture, Op.92.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony No.40 in G minor, K550.
Franz Schubert
Symphony No.5 in B flat, D485.
Richard Strauss
Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche, Op.28.
Josef Strauss
Sphärenklänge, Op.235.
Johann Strauss II
Der Zigeunerbaron - Overture. Du und Du, Op.367.
Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Erich Kleiber
Sinfonieorchester des Norddeutschen Rundfunks, Erich Kleiber
London Philharmonic Orchestra, Erich Kleiber
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Erich Kleiber
EMI GROC 5 75115-2
(1929, 1948, 1949, 1953, 1955)

Ludwig van Beethoven
Fidelio - Overture, Op.72b.
Franz Schubert
Symphony No.9, 'Great', D944.
Alban Berg
Three Scenes from Wozzeck.
Annelies Kupper (soprano)
Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Erich Kleiber
Medici Masters MM027-2
(1953, 1956)


YouTube





Erich Kleiber
Bach Cantatas Website / AllMusic / Wikipedia

19/01/2019

Obras Vocais #19: The Bells, de Sergei Rachmaninov


The Bells é uma obra vocal, por vezes apresentada como sinfonia vocal, do compositor russo Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943), composta em 1913 e estreada em Moscovo no dia 8 de Fevereiro do ano seguinte com a direção do próprio Rachmaninov.


Na sua origem está o poema homónimo do escritor norte-americano Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), apenas publicado postumamente, e de que Rachmaninov recebeu em 1907 uma cópia da tradução russa. Está visto que o poema o interessou suficientemente...:

I

Hear the sledges with the bells -
Silver bells!
What a world of merriment their melody foretells!
How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle,
In the icy air of night!
While the stars that oversprinkle
All the heavens seem to twinkle
With a crystalline delight;
Keeping time, time, time,
In a sort of Runic rhyme,
To the tintinnabulation that so musically wells
From the bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells -
From the jingling and the tinkling of the bells.

II

Hear the mellow wedding bells -
Golden bells!
What a world of happiness their harmony foretells!
Through the balmy air of night
How they ring out their delight!
From the molten-golden notes,
And all in tune,
What a liquid ditty floats
To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats
On the moon!
Oh, from out the sounding cells
What a gush of euphony voluminously wells!
How it swells!
How it dwells
On the Future! -how it tells
Of the rapture that impels
To the swinging and the ringing
Of the bells, bells, bells,
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells -
To the rhyming and the chiming of the bells!

III

Hear the loud alarum bells -
Brazen bells!
What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells!
In the startled ear of night
How they scream out their affright!
Too much horrified to speak,
They can only shriek, shriek,
Out of tune,
In a clamorous appealing to the mercy of the fire,
In a mad expostulation with the deaf and frantic fire,
Leaping higher, higher, higher,
With a desperate desire,
And a resolute endeavor
Now -now to sit or never,
By the side of the pale-faced moon.
Oh, the bells, bells, bells!
What a tale their terror tells
Of despair!
How they clang, and clash, and roar!
What a horror they outpour
On the bosom of the palpitating air!
Yet the ear it fully knows,
By the twanging
And the clanging,
How the danger ebbs and flows;
Yet the ear distinctly tells,
In the jangling
And the wrangling,
How the danger sinks and swells,
By the sinking or the swelling in the anger of the bells -
Of the bells,
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells -
In the clamor and the clangor of the bells!

IV

Hear the tolling of the bells -
Iron bells!
What a world of solemn thought their monody compels!
In the silence of the night,
How we shiver with affright
At the melancholy menace of their tone!
For every sound that floats
From the rust within their throats
Is a groan.
And the people -ah, the people -
They that dwell up in the steeple,
All alone,
And who tolling, tolling, tolling,
In that muffled monotone,
Feel a glory in so rolling
On the human heart a stone -
They are neither man nor woman -
They are neither brute nor human -
They are Ghouls:
And their king it is who tolls;
And he rolls, rolls, rolls,
Rolls
A paean from the bells!
And his merry bosom swells
With the paean of the bells!
And he dances, and he yells;
Keeping time, time, time,
In a sort of Runic rhyme,
To the paean of the bells,
Of the bells -
Keeping time, time, time,
In a sort of Runic rhyme,
To the throbbing of the bells,
Of the bells, bells, bells -
To the sobbing of the bells;
Keeping time, time, time,
As he knells, knells, knells,
In a happy Runic rhyme,
To the rolling of the bells,
Of the bells, bells, bells -
To the tolling of the bells,
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells -
To the moaning and the groaning of the bells.


Apropriadamente, uma das melhores interpretações desta obra de Rachmaninov é da responsabilidade do maestro inglês Simon Rattle (1955-). E porquê apropriadamente? É que este maestro celebra hoje o seu 64º aniversário, e Edgar Allan Poe nasceu igualmente num dia 19 de Janeiro, mas de 1809.


CD



Sergei Rachmaninov
The Bells, Op.35. Symphonic Dances, Op.45.
Luba Orgonásová (soprano), Dmytro Popov (tenor), Mikhail Petrenko (baixo)
Berlin Radio Chorus
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Simon Rattle
Warner Classics 984519-2
(2010, 2012)


YouTube




Sergei Rachmaninov
Classic fM / AllMusic / Wikipedia

Edgar Allan Poe
Poetry Foundation / The Poe Museum / Wikipedia

Simon Rattle
The Guardian / Encyclopaedia Britannica / Wikipedia

12/01/2019

Meios-sopranos #9: Elena Obraztsova (1939-2015)


Na passagem do quarto aniversário do seu falecimento, recordamos a grande meio-soprano russa Elena Obraztsova. Foi das primeiras cantoras líricas russas a ganhar fama internacional, tendo passado pelos maiores palcos dos Estados Unidos e da Europa (incluindo o lisboeta, passando a imodéstia...). Teve ainda a oportunidade de amadrinhar (para sossegar as mentes mais inquietas refira-se que esta palavra existe mesmo...) a estreia em palco da soprano sua compatriota Anna Netrebko (1971-), no Met de Nova Iorque em 2002.


CD



Sergei Prokofiev
The Gambler
Sergei Alexashkin (baixo), Luba Kazarnovskaya (soprano), Vladimir Galuzin,
Nikolai Gassiev, Yuri Laptev (tenores), Elena Obraztsova (meio-soprano),
Valery Lebed, Andrei Khramstov (baixos)
Chorus of the Kirov Opera
Orchestra of the Kirov Opera
Valery Gergiev
Philips 454 559-2
(1996)


YouTube



Elena Obraztsova
Elena Obraztsova / Bach Cantatas Website / Wikipedia

05/01/2019

Pianistas #60: Medtner, Michelangeli, Brendel, Pollini



Não sei se haverá um dia mundial dos pianistas, penso que não, mas, a haver, deveria ser o dia 5 de Janeiro. Por alguma caprichosa conjugação dos astros, há um conjunto absolutamente ímpar de pianistas que nasceram neste dia:

+ Nikolai Medtner, compositor e pianista russo, nascido a 5 de Janeiro de 1880
+ Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, pianista italiano nascido a 5 de Janeiro de 1920
+ Alfred Brendel, pianista austríaco nascido a 5 de Janeiro de 1931
+ Maurizio Pollini, pianista italiano nascido a 5 de Janeiro de 1942

E continuando com as curiosidades: Michelangeli faria hoje 99 anos, Brendel faz 88 anos e Pollini faz 77 anos...

YouTube




Nikolai Medtner
Nikolai Medtner / Boosey and Hawks / Wikipedia

Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli / Musicians Gallery / Wikipedia

Alfred Brendel
Alfred Brendel / The Guardian / Wikipedia

Maurizio Pollini
Deutsche Grammophon / The Guardian / Wikipedia